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What is Assisted Living?

careAssisted Living Facilities offer many different housing options for seniors who want to live autonomously, but still require a little extra help to fully enjoy life. Of course, different people require various levels of care, ranging from communal housing to socializing to intensive medical intervention. There are also many options to help pay for assisted living. Whether the situation requires a little companionship, help with taking the proper medications, or more rigorous forms of support, you are sure to find an Assisted Living option that will be a perfect fit!

Memory Care and Alzheimer’s Care

Memory Care and Alzheimer’s Care offer 24-hour high intensity assistance for seniors that are suffering from dementia and other memory disorders. Many of these facilities are built to battle the symptoms and consequences of these diseases, keeping your loved one safe and sound. Typically, Memory Care and Alzheimer’s Care facilities are built securely to ensure that family members do not wander or leave supervised areas. The medical assistants on-site will ensure that residents take proper care of themselves, aiding with tasks like taking the proper medications and other custodial tasks. Some of these facilities will also combat these diseases with socialization exercises and brain games designed to stimulate memory.

Long Term Care

Long Term Care facilities offer a safe space for your loved ones where they can be properly maintained from both a custodial and medical perspective. Most of these facilities provide advanced custodial care – which involves aiding in basic activities like eating, dressing, and bathing – that extends beyond what is available at less intensive assisted care facilities. In addition, Long Term Care facilities offer on-site medical care if needed. Though this is not always the favored choice of seniors or their loved ones, it can often be most comfortable and safe choice for those who have difficulties caring for themselves.

Respite Care

Respite Care is a temporary care service that is commonly used to relieve a senior’s caregiver for a few hours or sometimes overnight. These services can be requested on a regular basis or at random when the senior’s family requires a break for classes, trips, time alone, or to take care of other family duties. Respite care can be provided by a professional or even a friend, typically involving social interaction and stimulating activities that will keep the senior occupied. This kind of care can also vary up the schedule of the senior, providing them with some novelty in their daily routines.

Adult Day Care

Adult Day Care is a facility that supervises and entertains the senior when their primary caregivers have other obligations for the day, such as work. Typically these facilities operate during regular business hours, rarely offering overnight or weekend options. Typically the adults will be provided hearty meals catered to their nutritional needs, as well as fun activities that encourage engagement and socializing. Some of these centers focus more on medical care, meaning that they will work with the adult to treat their illness and perform exercises that work towards rehabilitation. Most Adult Day Cares possess on-site medical professionals, as well as adequate transportation.

In-Home Care

Another popular forms of assisted living is In-Home Care. This service is highly coveted because many seniors desire to remain in the comfort of their own homes during their twilight years. Unfortunately, primary caregivers sometimes can’t provide more advanced forms of medical care, but do not wish to move their senior loved one into a facility. In-Home Care allows a medical professional to habitually visit – or sometimes even live in – the home, providing an adequate level of care to the senior family member. The professionals that live or visit the home can serve a wide variety of functions, ranging from companion to medical supervisor. They may even accompany the senior person on day-to-day errands (activities of daily living), allowing them to continue living life with as little interruption as possible.

Aging in Place

This is usually the form of long-term care that seniors desire most. Aging in Place is when seniors live in their own homes – whether that’s in their family residence or senior community – until they can no longer be independent. This is by far the most popular living option among seniors, allowing them to remain fully functional and independent for the majority of their twilight years. However, Aging in Place is only possible by properly preparing their home for safe senior living, such as non-slip floors and grab bars. It is also important to collect and examine various services that will provide your family member with an adequate level of support during their time at home.About Assisted Living in Texas

While Texas may seem an ideal place to retire due to the warm weather, the state also boast no income taxes. Its cost of living is lower than the national average - there are some pricier parts of the state, but those costs are still lower than average compared to other states.

What Options are Available for Assisted Living?

In the state of Texas there are 3 types of Assisted Living Facilities (ALFs). A Type A ALF provides assistance for residents who are both physically and mentally capable of evacuating the facility in the event of an emergency, and they do not require routine assistance during sleeping hours. A Type B ALF resident may require assistance in the event of an emergency and may require assistance during sleeping hours, but they must not be bedridden. A Type C ALF is an adult foster care facility.

All ALFs must meet National Fire Protection Association Life Safety codes regarding evacuation capabilities and the use of fire alarms and smoke detection systems as well as automatic sprinkler systems.

What are the Alzheimer’s Requirements for Assisted Living Facilities in Texas?

Only Type B ALFs may be certified to provide Alzheimer’s care. They must provide a disclosure statement describing the nature of care and treatment of residents with Alzheimer’s and other cognitive impairments.

Senior Assisted Living Details and Costs for Cities in Texas

Listed below are some of the larger cities in Texas. Each city link provides details on assisted living facilities, independent living, senior group homes, and memory care. Details include costs, amenities, medical care, and other useful information.

What Training is Required for Assisted Living Facility Staff?

All staff must complete 4 hours of orientation before working with residents, and their first 16 hours of work must be supervised.

Staff working with Alzheimer’s and other cognitively impaired residents must complete dementia-specific orientation before working with residents. Direct care staff in an Alzheimer’s certified ALF must complete 12 hours of in-service Alzheimer’s education each year.

Is an Assessment Required Before Move-In?

A comprehensive assessment is required by the state, but a state-mandated form is not required.

What Care is Available in an Assisted Living Facility?

Assistance with activities of daily living (ADLs).

Administration and management of medication.

Residents may contract a 3rd party for home health services.

How is Medication Managed?

Residents who are unable or choose not to self-administer medication must have medication administered by a licensed professional or an employee who has been delegated by a registered nurse. Employees who are not licensed or certified may assist the resident with self-administration of medication.

What are the Bathroom Requirements for an Assisted Living Facility?

All bedrooms must have a separate, private toilet for each gender. A minimum of 1 bathroom must be provided on each floor, as well as 1 toilet and sink for every 6 residents, and 1 bathtub or shower for every 10.

What are the Move-In or Move-Out Requirements?

Assisted living facilities can only admit residents whose needs can be met by the facility or contracted by a home health service.

Is an Assisted Living Facility Covered by Medicaid in the State of Texas?

Yes. A Medicaid home and community-based services waiver covers assisted living services.

Who can I contact for more information?

The Department of Health and Human Services, at (512) 424-6500.